AND TEXTUAL REFERENCES
©1992, 2001, October 09, by Laurie J. Braaten
The basic purpose of a footnote reference or bibliography entry is to tell the reader WHO wrote WHAT. As obvious as this may seem, many omit this information when they cite articles in Journals, Bible dictionaries, Theological Dictionaries, or works within multivolume sets. Below are examples of correct and incorrect ways to cite an author's work contained within a larger work. Note that the correct citations all begin with the author, and then cite the piece the author wrote within the larger work. The Incorrect Examples do not give the author's name nor the author's work, they only cite the editor and larger work (e.g., Dictionary or series). All but the last example illustrate the Bibliography form. Footnotes differ primarily by beginning with the author's first name and placing publication data in parenthesis. For some assignments, In Text references are preferred. In Text references contain only the author’s last name and page number, in some cases the date, all in parenthesis. If you have trouble following this guide, try going to the format templates at the beginning of each section, copy and paste them into your document, then substitute the information from the source you are using. For more detailed bibliographic and footnote information in the Chicago or Turabian style see Kate L. Turabian, et. al. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. (See Links, "Writer's Handbook" for online versions).
A. Article in Journal
Format: Author, "Title." Journal Name vol # (year):pages
Heil, John P. "The Narrative Structure of Matthew 27:55-28:20." Journal of Biblical Literature 110 (1991): 419-538.
This format will be used for most ATLA materials (see below).
B. Article in Bible Dictionary, Theological Dictionary or Material in a Study Bible
Format: Author, "Title." In Dictionary Name, vol#:pages. Edited by editor's name. City: Publisher, year.
Mendenhall, George. "Covenant." In Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, 1:714-723. Edited by George A. Buttrick.
Wright, David P. "Feasts, festivals, and fasts." In Harper's
Bible Dictionary, pp. 305-307. Edited by Paul J. Achtemeier.
Fohrer, Georg. "huios, huiothesia: Old Testament and
Judaism." In Theological Dictionary of the New Testament,
8:340-354. Edited by Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard
Friedrich. Translated and Edited by Geoffrey W. Bromiley.
Carr, David M. “Notes on Genesis.” In The
New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha (
Buttrick, George. Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible.
Achtemeier, Paul J. Harper's Bible Dictionary,
Gerhard Kittel and Gerhard Friedrich. Theological
Dictionary of the New Testament.
Coogan, Michael D., ed. The New
C. Commentary in Multivolume Set or Series
Format: Author, "Title of Work." in Set Title, vol. #: pages. Edited by name. City: Publisher, year.
Wright, G. E. "Deuteronomy: Introduction and
Exegesis." In Interpreter's Bible, 2:311-537. Edited by
Format: Author, Title of Work. Series Title. City: Publisher, year.
Guthrie, G.E. Galatians. New Century Bible
Rad, Gerhard von. Genesis. Rev. ed. Trans. J. H.
Marks. Old Testament Library.
D. Item in ATLA Database
The sources in this database are merely scanned versions of printed materials and not unique internet sources. Therefore they will be cited in texts and bibliographies according to the standard printed sources instructions. Since most of these sources are from journals, see A. above.
(von Rad, 143)
If using two works by the same author, distinguish them by date:
(von Rad 1972, 143)
F. Links to Online Style Guides
The following links give more detailed information on citing various types of works, including internet sources:
Page, Melvin E. H-Net . A brief citation guide for internet sources in history and the humanities [Available at: http://www.h-net.msu.edu/about/citation/]. .
Last Revised: 10/12/2009